Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub


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  1. says: Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download

    Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub The Warsaw Uprising was a perfect storm The Home Army misjudged events and chose exactly the wrong time to rise up Soviet advances lef

  2. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub

    Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 The numbers beggar belief Of a prewar population of 13 million 150000 civilians and 18000 underground soldier killed and this is excluding 400000 Jews who were sent to their deaths from 1939 43 The remainder were forced from their homes into co

  3. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub

    Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 Warsaw 1944 has come to us from the archives inherited by the author diaries that have brought to life the full tragedy of both the Warsaw Uprising in 1944 but the very fate of the city The amount of research to bring this text to fruition is

  4. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Read Warsaw 1944

    Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 An unsparing gut wrenching account of the Warsaw Uprising against the Germans not to be confused with the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 when t

  5. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download

    Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie This book is not about the Warsaw ghetto uprising of 1943 but the 1944 uprising led by Polish fighters against t

  6. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Read Warsaw 1944

    Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Read Warsaw 1944 Alexandra Richie is a Warsawian via Oxford University She has taken on a tragic tale of a city’s unnecessary destruction and its nation’s unwilling demise Her love of Warsaw and of Poland shines through this disturbing

  7. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie

    Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 This is a story of one of the great but unknown tragedies of WW2 I visited Warsaw around 2005 and was told that this interesting city had been completely rebuilt after the war I could not understand the significance of thi

  8. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub

    Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 A compelling graphic and terrifying account of Warsaw at the peak of her destruction by the Nazis in 1944 An insane Hitler and his eually mad

  9. says: Read Warsaw 1944 Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie

    Read Warsaw 1944 Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie An excellent description of Warsaw Uprising Apart from a thorough background on its occurrence it provides a chronology of events which helped

  10. says: Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub

    Warsaw 1944 Free E–pub Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download I really need to start reading cheerful books After reading so much other WWII and Holocaust fare I'm not uite sure how I made it through this further tome of hideous crimes of the Third Reich Perhaps it was due t

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Read Warsaw 1944

Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 Taking advantage of German disarray and seeking to forestall the absorption of their country into the Soviet empire they chose to liberate the city of Warsaw for themselves      Warsaw 1944 tells the story of this brave and errant calculation For than sixty days the Polish fighters took over large parts of the city and held off the SS’s most brutal forces But in the end their efforts were doomed Scorned by Stalin and unable to win significant support from the Western Allies the Polish Home. An unsparing gut wrenching account of the Warsaw Uprising against the Germans not to be confused with the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising of 1943 when the Polish Home Army launched a heroic but ultimately disastrous attack on their Nazi occupiers as Stalin s Red Army closed in on the city in the summer of 1944 Poland suffered terribly at the hands of both the Germans and the Russians during the war and Richie describes the tragic events and the horrific atrocities of the Warsaw Uprising in unflinching detail By the time the Poles capitulated at the end of September over 150000 civilians and 18000 Polish combatants had lost their lives and Warsaw was reduced to 20 million cubic tons of ruble Sometimes large numbers such as these can have an almost numbing effect on us they appeal to our brain as opposed to our heart and it can be at least for me hard to grasp the true magnitude of the destruction and the almost inconceivable barbarity of what actually happened beyond that of a comparative if somewhat dispassionate analysis While Richie places the Uprising in the context of larger war explores the rationale of the Polish leadership in launching the uprising and examines Stalin s cynical manipulations and the Western Allies calculated indifference to her credit her primary focus is conveying the true horror of what happened on the ground over the course of those 63 terrible days and its aftermath from primary source accounts The result is an exceptionally grim and often stomach turning read but highly recommended if you are interested in World War II or Polish history If interested in either of those topics I would also highly recommend Katyn Stalin s Massacre and the Triumph of Truth by Allen Paul which explores the Soviet Union s atrocities in Poland and how the Allies dealt with the Poland problem over the course of the war

Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra RichieWarsaw 1944

Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 Army was left to face the full fury of Hitler Himmler and the SS The crackdown that followed was among the most brutal episodes of history’s most brutal war and the celebrated historian Alexandra Richie depicts this tragedy in riveting detail Using a rich trove of primary sources Richie relates the terrible experiences of individuals who fought in the uprising and perished in it Her clear eyed narrative reveals the fraught choices and complex legacy of some of World War II’s most unsung heroes. An excellent description of Warsaw Uprising Apart from a thorough background on its occurrence it provides a chronology of events which helped me to understand how the focus of the German attacks moved from one suburb to the next The cynicism of Russian troops stationing just few kilometres away and their refusal to allow the Allied planes to land on the eastern site of Vistula makes them co responsible for the death of many innocent people The hostility of Russians to AK fighters their arrest and treatment as enemy combined with especially from Roosevelt site no objections from the Allies only underlines their guilt in subjecting untold millions of Poles to inhuman treatment by their communist rulers for another 44 yearsMain Characters on the Polish SideGeneral Antoni Chrusciel Monter Commander of AK units in WarsawGeneral Bor Komorowski in charge of AK after Rowecki s arrestStefan Korbonski AK s Chief of Civil Resistance in WarsawJan Mazurkiewicz Radoslaw Leader of Kedyw group Survived the war and was persecuted by communist authorities till 1956 Died in 1988Colonel Kazimierz Iranek Osmecki the Chief of IntelligenceTadeusz Pelczynski AK Chief of StaffGeneral Stefan Rowecki Grot Tokarzewski s deputy Put in charge of AK after tokarzewski disappeared Arrested by Gestapo on 30 June 1943 Executed by order of Himmler on the first day of uprisingJozef Rybicki in charge of KedywColonel Rzepecki the head of the Information and Propaganda BureauGeneral Michal Tokarzewski on 27th of September 1939 set up SZP Polish Victory Service He went to the Soviet zone of occupation and was arrested by NKVDColonel Karol Ziemski Wachnowski In charge of the Northern Group of AK Old Town Monter s deputy Emigrated to England Died in1974Main Characters on the German SideErich von dem Bach Zelewski On 2 August 1944 took command of all German troops fighting AK In exchange for his testimony against his former superiors at the Nuremberg Trials Bach Zelewski never faced trial for any war crimes Died in 1972Oskar Dirlewanger pathological sadist linked to some of the worst crimes of the war Captured after war and apparently beaten to death by the Polish guards while in captivityBronislav Kaminski Russian collaborationist and the commander of the SS Sturmbrigade RONA Perhaps 10000 residents of Warsaw were killed in the Ochota massacre most murdered by Kaminski s men Himmler used the misconduct of the Warsaw group as a pretext for having Kaminski and his leadership executed after trial by court martial They were tried for stealing the property of the Reich as the stolen property was to have been delivered to Himmler but Kaminski and his men had attempted to keep it for themselvesGeneral Heinz Reinefarth Responsible for Wola massacre Acted as witness in Nuremburg trials Never faced any justice and died in 1978Chronology1 4 August The uprising started at 5PM on 1st of August By 5th of August AK had 16000 people under its command outnumbered the German garrison three to one and controlled over 125 km2 5 8 August Massacre in WolaFollowing on Hitler s order to destroy Warsaw and Himmler s to consider all as combatants and have them killed SS troops under General Heinz Reinefarth massed on the edge of Wola and started killing Poles Initially they were going from house to house ejected all living there lined them up and shot and set fire to the building Anyone trying to escape was shot As they found they made too little progress they started collecting people and moving them to a number of collection sites before shooting them there The cruellest were troops led by Dirlewanger and his Russian and Azari membersBetween 5th and 6th of August they killed about 40000 civilians in Wola Fight in Wola continued till 11th of August Soon after SS set up set up special brigades made of Polish prisoners to burn all the dead bodies Once the job was completed they killed the prisoners to cover their tracks Miraculously some escaped to bear the witness5 11 August Massacre of OchotaAbout 1700 Russians under command of Kaminski moved into Ochota They committed numerous crimes killing raping and stealing from the local population They plundered the Radium Institute where a hospital was placed Survivors were moved to Zieleniak where Russians set up a concentration camp Numerous barbarities were committed thereVon dem Bach arrived in Warsaw on 5th of August and issued an order to stop killing any non combatants He set up a German commission to look into behaviour of Kaminski men Kaminski was sent to Lodz and faced a military tribunal Was condemned to death and executed soon afterOn 6th of August Bach opened the Pruszkow transit camp Refugees were sent from there to concentration camps or as labourers to Germany11 18 August Attack on Old TownOn 11th of August SS moved into Old Town They encountered heavy resistance Next day they attacked again with a combined force of 3000 Again without success Hitler decided to change the tactics and started bombing the Old Town both with airplanes and heavy artillery Lack of Russian involvement meant total command of sky for Germans The Old Town continued its defence19 August 3 September Second attack on Old TownGermans assembled a force of 13400 men and attacked again on 19th of August Situation became unbearable On 25th of August Bor Komorowski was evacuated through sewers By 2nd of September AK fighters left the Old Town through sewers leaving injured and civilian population behind Mass executions rapes and pillage started soon after10 September 15 September Battle for PragaThe Russian 47th Army with the Polish 1st Infantry Division under General W Bewziuk and the 70th Army attacked the German 70th Grenadiers Regiment on 10th of September and reached the central part of Praga on 13th of September By 15th of September all of Praga was in Soviet hands Russians lost around 7000 men the Polish 1st Infantry Division lost 353 dead and 109 missing The Germans lost around 8500 men On 13th of September all the huge bridges on the Vistula were destroyed11 September 23 September The Fall of CzerniakowOn 11 September a massive barrage rained down the AK soldiers and the hapless civilians The Germans with 507 men of Azeri battalions and 575 men of the Eastern Muslim Regiment had about 2500 men On 14th of September the Soviet planes appeared in the sky and dropped supplies without using parachutes Most was destroyed On 16th of September 300 soldiers of the 3rd Infantry Division crossed the Vistula Another 900 troops crossed during the day and 1200 the next nightOn 19th of September Berling s Army began o retreat back across the river The AK moved to Mokotow Those left in Czerniakow faced living hell The fight continued till 23rd of September The 1st Polish Army lost 4939 men in crossing of the Vistula with only 1500 actually reaching the western bank24 September 27 September Fall of MokotowOn 24th of September Germans attacked Mokotow This time Germans allowed the civil population to leave during 2 hours of ceasefire Over 9000 people were sent to Pruszkow camp Of the 3000 AK soldiers who fought in Mokotow only 600 managed to escape to safety The rest was shot when captured Mokotow fell on 27th of September28 September 30 September ZoliborzIn mid September the Germans began to bomb Zoliborz It was defended by Lieutenant Colonel Mieczyslaw Niedzielski Zywiciel and his 1500 troops By 29 September 19th Panzer Division under General Kallner moved into position They changed their tactics using tanks to destroy methodically all the houses on their way Niedzielski fighters surrounded on 30th of September They were treated as POWs and taken to Pruszkow campSeptember October The City CentreOver 250000 people were crowded into the city centre The AK fighters managed to win the so called Pasta building Polska Akcyjna Spolka Telefonow the central telephone exchange and took 115 prisoners Von dem Bach arranged a ceasefire on 7th and 8th of September to allow 60000 civilians to be taken to Pruszkow camp Bor named Lieutenant Colonel Zygmunt Dobrowolski Zyndram as his official representative and sent him to meet von dem Bach on 28th of September The second meeting took place on 29th of September The first agreement signed on 30th of September called for a ceasefire between 5 am and 7 pm on 1st and 2nd October On 4th of October Bor surrounded Between 3rd and 7th October over 150000 civilians walked to collection points By 15th of October the Germans took all they could from Warsaw and loaded 23300 train cars with booty including 1600 wagons of grain18 October Himmler s AnnouncementOn 25th of September Hitler created the Volkssturm under Himmler It covered all German men capable of bearing arms between the ages of 16 and 60 On 18th of October Himmler granted the Warsaw fighters the status of POW according to the Geneva Convention He has done it to get similar treatment for his VolkssturmOctober 1944 January 1945By January 1945 around 85% of all the buildings of Warsaw had been destroyed By noon 17th of January the Soviets had taken Warsaw

Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download

Summary ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ↠ Alexandra Richie Alexandra Richie ↠ 9 Free download Read Warsaw 1944 The full untold story of how one of history’s bravest revolts ended in one of its greatest crimesIn 1943 the Nazis liuidated Warsaw’s Jewish ghetto A year later they threatened to complete the city’s destruction by deporting its remaining residents A sophisticated and cosmopolitan community a thousand years old was facing its final days and then opportunity struck As Soviet soldiers turned back the Nazi invasion of Russia and began pressing west the underground Polish Home Army decided to act. The numbers beggar belief Of a prewar population of 13 million 150000 civilians and 18000 underground soldier killed and this is excluding 400000 Jews who were sent to their deaths from 1939 43 The remainder were forced from their homes into concentration camps and forced labour camps as Warsaw was demolished brick by brick on Hitler s orders leaving a few thousand hiding amongst the ruins awaiting the SovietsAlexandra Ritchie weaves together the gripping and horrific story of one of the greatest tragedies of World War 2 and the opening shots of the Cold War that resulted in the almost complete destruction of one of Europe s great cities The Warsaw Uprising was also the site of largest single battlefield massacre of World War 2 and the details of this massacre and the treatment of the civilian population are most harrowingHowever please do persevere with this book as it is an excellent record of the Uprising coming up to its 70th anniversary as well as the duplicity of Stalin and the politics of necessity

  • Kindle Edition
  • 752
  • Warsaw 1944
  • Alexandra Richie
  • English
  • 28 August 2018
  • null